Terrariums et plantes vertes - LSA International

How to make a terrarium at home?

Making a terrarium is the perfect solution for adding greenery to the house. This small indoor garden allows you to personalize the decoration of the living room, the dining room or the office. With a few plants, potting soil and a glass container, the result will be most aesthetic. Overview.

Terrarium: which plants to favor?

To create a beautiful terrarium, you should choose plants that require low maintenance. It is advisable to combine species with similar characteristics and to favor those which remain small at maturity. The choice of plants depends on the size of the container. Among the most used for terrariums, there are many indoor plants:

  • the ferns;
  • the foams ;
  • the cactus ;
  • the succulents.

The tropical plants are recommended because of their beautiful colors and excellent moisture resistance. The varieties that prefer theshadow are also ideal for composing a pretty terrarium. On the other hand, the mediterranean herbs are not recommended because they are not very tolerant to humidity. For beginners, it is better to opt for a cheap plant that grows easily.

The necessary material to make a pretty terrarium

Whatever form you choose, the container for a terrarium is necessarily made of glass and enough deep to contain the roots of plants.

In an ecological spirit, no need to buy a new container. Indeed, it is possible to to recycle :

  • a glass bowl;
  • a fish bowl;
  • a tea-pot ;
  • a lantern bell;
  • a vase ;
  • a glass bottle.

To enjoy a green and original decoration, the ideal is to acquire a container specially designed to cultivate plants, for example ward crates. Practices, aquariums can also accommodate a terrarium. You can leave them open or cover them with a lid.

In addition to the glass container and the plants, you will also need the following tools:

  • of potting soil drained and light;
  • of gravel, clay balls or pebbles to optimize soil drainage while decorating the bottom of the terrarium;
  • a foam sheet to mop up excess water;
  • of charcoal to preserve the freshness of the compost in a container without a drainage hole;
  • from decorative objects like shells, stones or various accessories.

The steps to follow for the manufacture of the terrarium

Before you begin, it is important to clean the container well if it has been recycled. Here are the steps to follow to make a terrarium:

  1. Ask the drainage stones at the bottom of the container (2 cm high) by mixing activated carbon and pebbles or gravel;
  2. Add the vegetable foam ;
  3. Pour between 5 and 10 cm of potting soil according to the dimensions of the terrarium and the length of the roots of the plants;
  4. Pat and flatten the surface ;
  5. Dig holes and insert the roots Plant ;
  6. Cover their base with potting soil and pat gently;
  7. Water lightly with a sprayer;
  8. Decorate the terrarium;
  9. If necessary, replace the container lid.

Another tip for those who do not have a green thumb: a fake terrarium. You just have to decorate a glass jar or a lantern with a wooden mushroom or a fake plant, add fake moss and some pine cones. No need for sun or watering for this artificial indoor garden!

Here are examples of different models terrarium that it is possible to achieve:

The ideal conditions for a terrarium

The necessary brightness

Plants in a terrarium need light. However, since the glass is reflective, the ideal is to place it in a place that benefits from a strong indirect light. Fluorescent lights are a good option as long as the user follows safety regulations. To compose atypical suspensions, it is possible to combine three terrariums with four low voltage bulbs.

The right surface

For an impeccable green interior, it is advisable to avoid installing a terrarium on precious furniture. The same is true for equipment which is easily damaged. In addition, it is recommended to choose a location out of the reach of children and animals.

The required temperature

The terrarium should be stored in a heated room. However, it is not recommended to place it near an air conditioner or radiator. In addition, it is best to avoid sudden changes temperature and extreme temperatures.

How to maintain your terrarium?

Terrarium - Nature and Discoveries
Making your own terrarium has profoundly soothing virtues! – Nature and Discoveries

For an interior that is always green and welcoming, it is important to take good care of the plants. It is essential to water occasionally (at least once a week) if the terrarium is open. For cacti and other succulents, watering once a month is sufficient. In addition, it is necessary to remove:

  • weeds ;
  • The molds ;
  • faded flowers.

If the terrarium is airtight, some fresh air will do good for wilted plants. The ideal time for watering: when the soil is dry. If condensation has appeared on the container, it is advisable to leave it slightly open.

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