Who wouldn’t want to taste their own salads or aromatic herbs? Whether on a balcony or indoors, the vertical garden is the solution to enjoy a little corner of greenery. To be placed against a wall, this vegetable garden is the “green” trend of the moment. All the tips for a successful installation!
What is a vertical vegetable garden?
A vertical garden or vegetable patch, as its name suggests, is a technique of soilless culture. Unlike a traditional vegetable garden, the vegetables as well as the plants are planted tier by tier. In fact, the cultivation of green plants is normally carried out on a flat and horizontal surface. This type of garden is made up of several levels. Placed one above the other, they can accommodate many more plants than an ordinary garden, and this, on a reduced surface. The principle of the vertical vegetable garden is to use the available space, provided that the plants are properly exposed to the sun and that they are regularly watered.
Cultivation can be done in an inert substrate (clay balls, sand, etc.) or in soil. Although this type of vegetable garden is often done outdoors, it is quite possible to install it in an apartment. If necessary, it should be placed near a bright window.
Easy to maintain and space-saving, the vertical vegetable garden is the ideal solution for growing your own aromatics and vegetables.
What are the advantages of the vertical garden?
The installation of a vertical garden has many advantages:
- the space saving : vertically, it is possible to produce more for a row of salads. If a single plant requires 16 m² of surface in a classic vegetable garden, 2 m² is sufficient with this type of culture.
- The Water Management : water benefits each plant since it is distributed stage by stage. Water losses are avoided, especially since excess water is reusable.
- A easy harvest : As plants and vegetables are within easy reach, there is no need to bend down to pick them up.
- The nutrient intake : a small amount of soil is easier to enrich than a large area where only half is used.
- The heat : if a traditional garden tends to suffer from the heat of the sun, this is not the case for plants grown on a vertical support. As the soil is moist longer with this type of installation, only a small part is exposed to evaporation.
- the control of external aggressions : weeding is unnecessary since there are no weeds in a vertical garden. Pests like slugs and snails can be eliminated quickly.
The only downside of the vertical vegetable garden is that the type of cultivable plants is limited. Vegetables to be planted in depth, such as potatoes, are to be banned. The material to be used also depends on the plant to be grown.
Which plants for a vertical vegetable garden?
Apart from varieties requiring deep soil and vegetables that are too heavy, anything is possible in a vertical vegetable garden. Salads, tomatoes, strawberries, onions… these plants thrive in this type of vegetable garden. The herbs aromatics
like basil and parsley as well as watercress are also welcome. Also, chili peppers can be grown in this trendy garden, provided the container is large enough. The same goes for cucurbits like cucumber, pickle, melon, etc.).
Thus, all plants that do not require depth for their roots adapt perfectly to vertical cultivation.
How to set up your first vertical garden?
It is simple and inexpensive to set up a vertical vegetable garden at home. For plants requiring little soil, they can be placed in plastic bottles or some plant tubes. Many models of ready-to-use containers are available on the market. The felt multi-pocket bag, to hang on a wall or a fence, is one of the most popular. The choice of support is made according to the available space as well as the environment.
Once the containers have been determined, the young plants and seeds should be chosen according to need. The basis for successful cultivation, however, is the combination of the right soil, seeds, heat and a little water.
Some ideas for making a vertical vegetable garden
There are different methods of growing plants vertically.
This type of vegetable garden allows the cultivation of a large number of plants, whether in height or in width. It is possible to set up pockets up to 2 m high and across the width of a wall. In addition, they can easily be hung on a solid wire mesh or a balcony railing. In addition, it is recommended to opt for textile pockets so that the water passes easily.
In wood or metal, the pots are to be suspended high on a structure. Recyclable, Cans where the plastic bottles are perfect for this trick.
The idea is to use the gutters as balconies to be superimposed with threads.
Pallets are ideal for landscaping a vertical vegetable garden.