Balcon plein sud avec des plantes
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What plants to put on a terrace or balcony in full sun?

For an optimal exposure of the terrace or the balcony, the south side is privileged. Indeed, it allows to receive the rays of the sun during a good part of the day. It is also suggested to decorate this part of the housing with plants to bring a little freshness. Their colors and shapes personalize a pleasant and well-being arrangement. Focus on a selection of plants that thrive on the balcony or on a terrace exposed to full sun.

Tomatoes

The tomato is undoubtedly the essential plant to grow on a balcony or a terrace in full sun, mainly in summer. This also makes it possible to do without large-scale products once it has developed under good conditions. Various varieties are concerned, such as:

  • Cherry tomatoes ;
  • Beef heart tomatoes;
  • Black tomatoes from Crimea;
  • Andean tomatoes;
  • Etc.

Note: Choosing a fairly large pot or a deep enough planter is necessary to ensure good productivity. However, choose the container according to the varieties. In terms ofculture association, it is possible to grow basil or marigolds with tomato. Indeed, they repel parasites such as phytoparasitic nematodes.

Aromatic plants in pots

Aromatic plants

In the case of a planter on a balcony or terrace in full sun, the cultivation of aromatic plants is recommended. The choice is vast, but it is possible to opt for:

  • Lavender (Lavandula) and its well-scented bloom. Be careful, however, that the roots should not be constantly submerged and care should be taken to use well-drained soil.
  • Thyme: the different varieties (common thyme, wild thyme, lemon thyme, etc.) adapt to any type of soil, with a preference for dry and poor soils. The ideal is to use a pot or a planter about 15 cm deep.
  • Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is a shrub that requires virtually the same care as thyme. The culture will be done in pot or in a planter of about 30 cm.
  • Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) is a fragrant plant that reseeds itself and adapts to any type of soil. It is enough to place it in a corner in partial shade and to cut it down twice a year in order to obtain a vigorous plant with very green leaves.
  • Mint (Mentha) is to be grown in a 15 cm deep pot by planting cuttings. Pruning will be done 2 to 3 times a year.

The radishes

Radish is a fast growing vegetable. In the case of a balcony or terrace, all you need to do is:

  1. Choose a container or planter with a depth of 10 to 15 cm, filled with well-ventilated soil;
  2. Water copiously;
  3. Sow seeds and cover with a thin layer of soil;
  4. Aerate the mulch to allow the shoots to pass easily.

Good to know: a slightly damp soil makes it easier to monitor the ratehumidity and the mulch keeps this rate constant. It is also useful to reserve the radishes an exposure in partial shade.

Row beans

In the case of a balcony with vis-à-vis, or fitted with metal guardrails, plant row beans allows you to combine the useful with the pleasant. Indeed, these climbers constitute a reservoir of food as well as a unique screening. To do this, here are some tips to consider:

  • Do not hesitate to stake the row beans when they do not wrap around the guardrails, for example;
  • Harvest about 2 to 3 months after sowing, depending on the climate and the variety;
  • Prefer bins 30 cm deep and 15 to 20 cm wide as a container;
  • Pair with vegetables like radish, salad, peas or corn (need a larger pot in the latter case);
  • Let the bean seeds soak overnight before sowing to allow the plants to emerge quickly.

Note: the breeze view is to be renewed during the summer.

shaded terrace with wrought iron railing and climbing plants

Raspberries

Essentially in pots, growing raspberries adapts perfectly to balconies or terraces. To succeed :

  1. Use a pot that is 30 to 40 cm deep and at least 25 cm wide;
  2. Place a layer of mulch at the foot of the raspberries;
  3. Add dried leaves to prevent evaporation and promote the proliferation of fungi useful to the soil and plants.

Regarding the size of raspberries, here are some indications to take into account:

  • Non-returning raspberries only produce once a year. They are pruned just after the fruiting period;
  • The rising raspberries fruit twice a year, generally in July and August. The branches of the year are to be cut in half while those of the previous year are to be cut flush.

Note: it is advisable to avoid cutting dry or dead stems. The rest is to be kept in order to ensure the harvests.

The salads

Salad is an easy to grow vegetable. On a balcony or on a terrace, it is possible to plant several varieties, including:

  • The lettuce ;
  • The Batavia;
  • Oak leaves;
  • Etc.

In order to cultivate them at their best, it is useful to follow the following steps:

  1. Choose a tub or planter 15 to 20 cm deep;
  2. Prepare and sow as in the case of radishes, but more lightly. Buy plants directly from the garden center if necessary;
  3. Plant without too much space in order to obtain plant cover and prevent the soil from drying out quickly.
  4. Harvest after 1.5 months in summer or 3 to 4 months in winter, depending on the variety.

Chinese palm or hemp palm

the hemp palm is the ideal ally to give an exotic touch to a terrace or a balcony with southern exposure. Also known as Trachycarpus fortunei, this palm is visually recognizable thanks to its trunk covered with fibers similar to hemp. When autumn arrives, it produces dark purple fruits that birds particularly appreciate.

It should be put in a pot that is twice the size of the root ball. Without forgetting to drain well and to use a fertile substrate. Repotting is necessary every 3 or 4 years.

Perfect for soaking up the sun as soon as spring rolls around, a south-facing terrace or balcony can get unbearably hot in the middle of summer. The first thing to do is to create shade and bring a certain freshness to it. Here are some tips for successful landscaping of a south-facing terrace or balcony.

Create shade

Shading the balcony or terrace helps to fight against the heat of the sun’s rays. Thus, the installation of a large parasol is necessary. Shade sails are also recommended. There are models of shade sails which highlight a contemporary-style terrace. A cotton or polyester retractable canvas blanket can also do the trick. Another option is the pergola covered with canisses or dressed with climbing plants. It allows to create shade on a terrace with southern exposure.

Shaded terrace with sails

Avoid white floors

White floors have the disadvantage of reflecting the sun’s rays if they are used as flooring for the terrace or balcony. To avoid this, the best is to install composite wood or wooden slats in a slightly dark color.

Install automatic watering

The installation of an automatic balcony sprinkler system eliminates the need for watering chore day-to-day. In addition, this option can ensure the survival of the balcony or terrace garden when the owners go on vacation.

In addition, planting the plants in large, deep pots makes it possible to arrange the balcony or the terrace. It is better to opt for terracotta pots, because the earth dries out less quickly.

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